Efforts to contain and respond to emerging infectious diseases often divert resources away from routine health services, disproportionately impacting women who seek contraceptives, or maternal health and postnatal care. Addressing gender when monitoring and evaluating health projects helps ensure equity in access and benefits for men and women. MEASURE Evaluation’s Gender In Series explores the implications of gender on various technical area data and suggest indicators to reveal and explain gender gaps in health outcomes. The demand for specific data and indicators incorporating a gender perspective has moved beyond advocates of the rights of women and key populations to include decision makers at every level and in every area of social and economic development. And while there is greater general awareness of the need for a gender perspective in health policy and programming, not all health areas have considered gender implications equally. Gender constructs have a significant impact on a person’s health outcomes. Gender expectations shape behaviors and beliefs related to risk and vulnerability. They also affect such health-seeking behavior as testing and treatment adherence. Gender even shapes the way in which health services are structured and provided. These social expectations lead to important differences in risk and service use for men, women, and key populations. For example: Unequal power relationships increase women’s vulnerability to HIV by limiting their ability to negotiate sexual relationships and condom use. Tuberculosis progresses more quickly in women of reproductive age than men of the same age group. Women may be more willing than men to invest in malaria-prevention measures—such as insecticide-treated bed nets (ITN)—but may lack the financial power to do so. Men are often excluded from family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH) services or FP/RH information systems that are tailored for women. Most caregivers of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) are female; boys may not be acquainted with positive role models whom they can emulate.

Recent Submissions

  • The Importance of Gender in HIV and AIDS Data 

    MEASURE Evaluation
    Addressing gender when monitoring and evaluating HIV projects ensures equity in access and benefits for men and women. This brief establishes the importance of addressing gender in monitoring and evaluation activities and ...
  • The Importance of Gender in Emerging Infectious Diseases Data 

    MEASURE Evaluation
    Addressing gender when monitoring and evaluating emerging infectious disease (ID) interventions and programs helps to ensure equity in access and benefits for men and women. This brief explores the importance of gender in ...
  • The Importance of Gender in Data on Orphans and Vulnerable Children 

    MEASURE Evaluation
    Addressing gender when monitoring and evaluating projects for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) helps ensure equity in access and benefits for boys and girls. This brief explores the importance of gender in monitoring ...
  • The Importance of Gender in Family Planning and Reproductive Health Data 

    MEASURE Evaluation
    Addressing gender when monitoring and evaluating family planning and reproductive health (FP/RH) projects and interventions helps to ensure equity in access and benefits for men and women. This brief explores the importance ...
  • L’importance du genre dans les données sur le paludisme 

    MEASURE Evaluation
    L’examen des disparités entre les genres lors du suivi et de l’évaluation des projets de lutte contre le paludisme permet de garantir l’équité en termes d’accès et d’avantages pour les hommes et les femmes. Cette publication ...
  • The Importance of Gender in Malaria Data 

    MEASURE Evaluation
    The demand for specific data and indicators incorporating a gender perspective has moved beyond advocates of the rights of women and key populations to include decision-makers at every level and in every area of social and ...
  • The Importance of Gender in Tuberculosis Data 

    MEASURE Evaluation
    Addressing gender when monitoring and evaluating tuberculosis (TB) projects helps ensure equity in access and benefits for men and women. This brief establishes the importance of gender in monitoring and evaluation activities ...
  • The Importance of Gender in HIV Health Information System 

    MEASURE Evaluation
    Addressing gender while strengthening HIV health information systems (HIS) ensures equity in access and benefits for women, men, girls, boys, and transgender people. This brief establishes the importance of addressing ...

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